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Yoga Sutras Chapter II 1-4

Sutras 1-4 introduce Patanjali's Kriya Yoga and names the impediments to achieving samadhi.

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II-1. tapah svadhyaya isvarapranidhanani kriyayogah

tapah: cooking, heat, austerity, purification

svadhyaya: self study, reflection

isvara: lord, transcendant reality

pranidhana(ni): devotion, acceptance, non-attachment

kriyayogah: yoga of action

Kriya yoga is defined as purification, reflection and acceptance of the universal order. One performs certain acts of purification, reflects on those acts and accepts the outcome with an attitude of non-attachment.

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II-2. samadhibhavanarthah klesa tanukaranarthasca

samadhi: conscious absorption

bhavana: vow, cultivation

artha: purpose

klesa: affliction, problem, trouble

tanu: fine, thin

karana: making

ca: and

The purpose (of Kriya Yoga) is to cultivate conscious absorption and reduce (make fine or thin) that which troubles us. There is a teeter-totter balance between samadhi and the klesas. When we experience conscious absorption or samadhi, our problems (klesas) are thin. When we allow our troubles to bother us, samadhi is distant.

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II-3 avidya asmita raga dvesa abhinivesah klesah

avidya: ignorance

asmita: egotism

raga: attachment, hankering

dvesa: aversion

abhinivesah: innate fear, based on fear of death

klesa: affliction, distress

Ignorance, egotism, hankering, aversion and fear are the source of our distress.

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II-4. avidya ksetram uttaresam prasupta tanu vicchinna udaranam

avidya: ignorance

ksetram: field

uttaresam: others

prasupta: sleeping

tanu: fine, thin

vicchinna: fluctuating

udaranam: full blown

Ignorance is the field on which the other klesas grow. They can be sleeping (inactive), thin (imperceptible but active), fluctuating betwen active and inactive or full blown.

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Intro

Lesson I: Sutras 1-4

Lesson 2:
Sutras 5-9

Hear all of Chapter II


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